Szókincs

Mikor ‘do’ és mikor ‘make’?

The Lecke

Sokszor nehéz eldönteni, hogy mikor kerül ‘make’ vagy mikor kerül ‘do’ a mondatunkba.

Mindkét ige azt jelenti, hogy csinálni valamit.

Azonban, ha észben tartunk két szabályt, megkönnyíthetjük a dolgunkat.

1. Általában akkor használjuk a ‘make’ igét, ha valami új dolgot készítünk vagy hozunk létre.

  • I made a cake.
  • They’ve made us some coffee.
  • Did you really make those shoes?
  • Have you made my dinner?

2. Általában akkor használjuk a ‘do’ igét, ha valamilyen cselekvést elvégzünk, végrehajtunk.

  • What did you do at the weekend?
  • I didn’t do anything yesterday.
  • She’s fed up with doing everything herself. She needs some help.
  • Are you doing anything interesting during the holidays?

Ha megfigyeljük a ‘do’-t gyakran követi: something, nothing, anything vagy everything.

Azt viszont ne felejtsük el, hogy a What do you do? kérdéssel a másik foglalkozására kérdezünk rá.

3. Na igen. És vannak azok a kifejezések, melyeknél fejből tudnunk kell, hogy melyiket kell használnunk. 

Először nézzünk néhány példát a ‘DO’-val.

  • do badly (rosszul teljesíteni)
  • She did very badly on the exam. She’ll have to retake it.
  • do your best (a legjobbat kihozni magából)
  • Don’t worry about getting everything correct. Just do your best.
  • do business (üzletet csinálni)
  • It’s been a pleasure doing business with you.
  • do some chores (házimunkát csinálni)
  • I have to go home and do some chores this afternoon.
  • do a course (egy kurzust csinálni)
  • John has decided to do a course in computing this autumn.
  • do a crossword (keresztrejtvényt fejteni)
  • She sat on the sofa, doing a crossword and drinking tea.
  • do damage (kárt csinálni)
  • The storm has done a lot of damage to the house.
  • do the dishes (elmosogatni)
  • I really hate doing the dishes. I’m hoping to buy a dishwasher this year.
  • do the washing up (elmosogatni)
  • I really hate doing the washing up. I’m hoping to buy a dishwasher this year.
  • do a drawing (egy rajzot elkészíteni)
  • The little boy spent hours doing a drawing.
  • do your duty (elvégezni a kötelességét)
  • He has to do his duty and look after his elderly parents.
  • do exam (vizsgázni)
  • I have to do three exams and write a huge essay this term.
  • do exercise (edzeni)
  • Julie likes doing exercise, especially running.
  • do an exercise (megoldani egy feladatot)
  • The teacher asked us to do a lot of grammar exercises over the holidays
  • do someone a favour (szívességet tenni valakinek)
  • My friend did me a huge favour and lent me some money.
  • do (the) gardening (kertészkedni)
  • David often spends Sunday afternoons doing gardening.
  • do good (jót cselekedni)
  • She helps homeless people and tries to do good.
  • do you good (valami jót tesz valakinek)
  • You should eat your vegetables. They’ll do you good!
  • do your hair (megcsinálja a haját)
  • Allie spends ages doing her hair in the morning.
  • do harm (kárt okozni)
  • I spilt coffee on my suit and tried to clean it, but I did more harm than good.
  • do homework (házifeladatot megcsinálni)
  • Have you finished doing your homework?
  • do housework (házimunkát végezni)
  • Let’s do the housework quickly this morning, then we can go out for lunch.
  • do the ironing (vasalni)
  • My mother listens to the radio while she does the ironing.
  • do a great job (jó munkát végezni)
  • I think the students did a great job with this essay. It’s excellent.
  • do the laundry (mosni)
  • He did the laundry, cleaned the house, and made dinner.
  • do your nails (körmöt “megcsinálni”)
  • Jenny likes to do her nails each week.
  • do a painting (egy képet festeni)
  • There was an old man sitting on the bank of the river, doing a painting.
  • do paperwork (papírmunkát csináni)
  • Does everybody hate doing paperwork?
  • do research (kutatást végezni)
  • I’m doing some research for my thesis at the moment.
  • do the shopping (elvégezni a bevásárlást)
  • I’ll do the shopping tomorrow morning.
  • do time (börtönben időt tölteni)
  • He broke into a bank, was caught by the police, and now he’s doing time.
  • do well (munkát jól végezni)
  • My sister is doing well in her new job.
  • do work (munkát végezni)
  • Unfortunately, Lucy does a lot of work at the weekends.
  • do your worst (a legrosszabb formát hozni)
  • I’ve bought all new winter clothes:– boots, a coat and a very warm hat. Weather, do your worst!

Most pedig nézzünk néhány példát a ‘MAKE’-kel.

  • make amends (jóvátenni valamit)
  • I’m so sorry that I upset you. How can I make amends?
  • make an appointment (időpontot egyeztetni)
  • She had toothache, so she made an appointment with the dentist.
  • make an attempt (kísérletet tenni valamire)
  • Let’s at least make an attempt to be on time.
  • make certain (biztosra menni)
  • I think the café opens at six, but let’s make certain.
  • make a change (változtatást végrehajtani)
  • I’ve made some changes to the document.
  • make a choice (választani)
  • Which job are you going to take? You need to make a choice.
  • make a comment (megjegyzést tenni valamire)
  • My mother made a comment about my shoes.
  • make a complaint (panaszt tenni)
  • The food took so long to arrive that Julie made a complaint to the manager.
  • make a confession (bevallani valamit)
  • I’d like to make a confession. I was the one who ate the last of the chocolate.
  • make a date (randit összehozni)
  • I’d love to see you soon. How about if we make a date for next week?
  • make a decision (döntést hozni)
  • I’ve made my decision. I’m going to go back to university.
  • make a difference (változtatni valamin)
  • Going to the gym has really made a difference to how I feel.
  • make a discovery (felfedezést tenni)
  • When John was last in London he made a discovery – a beautiful little café in a quiet street.
  • make an effort (erőfeszítést tenni)
  • You’re not trying hard enough! Make an effort!
  • made an error (hibát véteni)
  • He made several errors on the report, and the boss told him to rewrite it.
  • make exception (kivételt tenni)
  • Usually the children aren’t allowed to watch TV but I made an exception.
  • make an excuse (kifogást keresni)
  • Why was Lisa late? Did she make an excuse?
  • make a face (grimaszolni)
  • The child took a bite of the broccoli and made a face.
  • make a fire (tűzet gyújtani)
  • We put up our tent, made a fire, and had a hot drink.
  • make a fool of yourself (hülyét csinálni magábül)
  • You shouldn’t sing in front of everyone! You’ll make a fool of yourself.
  • make a fortune (egy vagyont keresni)
  • Lucy made a fortune when she sold her company. Now she doesn’t have to work.
  • make friends (barátokat szerezni)
  • She loved university and made lots of friends.
  • make fun of (viccet csinálni valamiből)
  • The children love to make fun of the teacher,– but only when she’s not looking.
  • make a fuss (felhajtást csinálni)
  • It’s okay! I’m fine, it’s just a cough. Don’t make a fuss!
  • make an impression (valamilyen benyomást tenni)
  • Jenny certainly made an impression last night! All my friends are asking about her.
  • make a list (listát készíteni)
  • First, I must make a list of all the things I need to do.
  • make a loss (veszteséget csinálni)
  • Their business made a loss the first year, but did much better after that.
  • make love (szeretkezni)
  • The hero and the heroine made love in the film.
  • make a mess (rendetlenséget csinálni)
  • What a mess you’ve made! Can’t you tidy up a bit?
  • make a mistake (hibát véteni)
  • She made so many mistakes in her essay that the teacher couldn’t understand it.
  • make money (pénzt keresni)
  • John made a lot of money in his twenties and was able to retire at the age of 35.
  • make a noise (zajt csinálni)
  • Please try not to make a noise when you come home, because I’ll be asleep.
  • make an observation (megfigyelést végezni)
  • Could I make an observation? I don’t think some of our customers like the new adverts.
  • make an offer (ajánlatot tenni)
  • She made an offer on a house.
  • make a phonecall (telefonálni egyet)
  • I’m going to go outside and make a phone call. It’s too noisy in here.
  • make plans (tervezgetni)
  • David is making plans to move to Paris.
  • make a profit (profitot termelni)
  • His business made a profit from the beginning.
  • make a promise (ígéretet tenni)
  • I must study hard today. I made a promise to my mum that I wouldn’t fail any more exams.
  • make a reservation (foglalást elvégezni)
  • Could you call the restaurant and make a reservation for tonight?
  • make a sound (hangot kiadni)
  • Don’t make a sound! We need to be completely quiet.
  • make a speech (beszédet mondani)
  • The bride’s father often makes a speech at her wedding.
  • make a suggestion (javaslatot tenni)
  • Could I make a suggestion? How about going out for dinner?
  • make sure (meggyőződni valamiről)
  • I don’t think I left the gate open, but I’m just going to go and make sure.
  • make the bed (megágyazni)
  • Could you please make the bed before you leave the house?
  • make time (időt szakítani valamire)
  • Everybody’s busy, but you need to make time to study.
  • make trouble (keverni a bajt)
  • That employee is trying to make trouble.
  • make your mind up (határozni, dönteni valamiről)
  • Do you want chocolate or strawberry ice cream? Make your mind up quickly!
  • make your way (utat megtenni)
  • After the film, John made his way to a café, where he had two cups of coffee and some cake.

 

Ha egyszerre túl sok lesz a 80+ kifejezés, mentsd el a leckét a könyvjelzőid közé! (CTRL + D)

További érdekes és hasznos leckékért kövesd Facebook oldalunkat is!

Leave a Reply

Az email címet nem tesszük közzé. A kötelező mezőket * karakterrel jelöljük.

Felkapott leckék

To Top